Still, “The Buffalo Creek Disaster” suggests that if skilled lawyers take such cases, they could have the same importance as the civil rights trials of the 1960's or the post‐Watergate trials of the 1970's. After the Buffalo Creek disaster, Pittston sought to avoid a trial that would spotlight their own culpability and told the West Virginians they would receive the same benefits whether or not they hired a lawyer. At 8:01, a huge torrent of rushing water swept through Buffalo Creek and carried all of the burning coal-waste with it. Labels: Book, Book Review, Buffalo Creek, Court, Disaster… deep in places was the result as more than 120 million gallons of water and 35 million cubic feet of waste materials thrashed down the valley in a wall sometimes 35-45 feet high. he said, "Sometimes the voice in my head tells me to give it a rest. Shouldn't they—like their counterparts who build outlaw dams, oil refineries, nuclear storehouses in spite of repeated, well‐documented warnings that they're unsafe—be punished? To answer these questions, you must have access to the book, or knowledge of the book. The Buffalo Creek Disaster-Summary. When Pittston Coal Company was questioned about responsibility, they said it was there as a mortician, helping prepare the dead for burial.  Buffalo Creek Disaster YE HAO GBL395 Summer 2014 Synopsis: One of the most significant mining disaster happened at a little valley that located in Buffalo count, West Virginia in February 1972. BUFFALO VALLEY DAM DISASTER. yet alive. But the miners had connections at the prestigious Washington law firm of Arnold & Porter, where Stern was a partner. A U.S. Geological Survey geologist inspects the Buffalo Creek dam and concludes that it was basically “unstable” and that “the bank [was] subject to large wash-out on [the] north side from [any] overflow … Sitting in the pew with Peyton, my mind turned to a word I first remember This book is particularly significant in the aftermath of the Teton Dam disaster in Idaho this past June. This paper reviews the horrific mining disaster that took place in a West Virginia mining town in 1972. occur, again and again. currently writing for The Charleston Daily Mail. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. Helping deliver the embalmed bodies of some of the victims to the funeral home, I CU, crushing machine flattening car. The resulting flood killed 125 people and caused over $50 million in damage. ■, See the article in its original context from. The fire station, which straddled the creek, was completely destroyed. Over twenty small coal mining settlements lay between the dam and the mouth of the valley. The Buffalo Creek Flood: An Act of Man. The Buffalo Creek Flood occurred on February 26, 1972 after the Pittston Coal Company's coal slurry impoundment dam #3 burst four days after having been declared satisfactory by a federal mine inspector. Human relationships in this community had been derived from traditional bonds of kinship and neighborliness. What Happened in February 1972 at Buffa…. The disaster cause by a dam corruption which was used to block black water produced in mining procedures. valley. The Buffalo Creek disaster is an excellent case study that demonstrates corporations overall duty of preventing disasters. They blamed the flood on God. On February 26, 1972 at approximately 8:00 A.M., Coal Slurry Impoundment #3 at the Buffalo Creek coal mine in Logan County, West Virginia gave way sending millions of gallons of water and millions of cubic yards of coal slurry down the Buffalo Creek. I returned for the first time in 30 years, accompanied by Dave Peyton, long-time West Virginia newspaper columnist, currently writing for The Charleston Daily Mail. between government, men and mighty corporations. The Buffalo Creek flood was one of the worst disasters in West Virginia’s long and tragic history of calamities, both natural and man-made. While it was declared as one of the worst pollution disasters in modern times, the company, while doing "clean up," wormed their way out of responsibility. The disaster cause by a dam corruption which was used to block black water produced in mining procedures. The Buffalo Creek flood was a disaster that occurred on February 26, 1972, when the Pittston Coal Company's coal slurry impoundment dam #3, located on a hillside in Logan County, West Virginia, burst, four days after having been declared "satisfactory" by a federal mine inspector. What was the defendant's (Pittston) ini…. ... observations on the physical destruction and the actual state of the dam and the creek within ten hours of the disaster. for many years across the state's highways and low-rated bridges. They eventually settled for a few million. “The Buffalo Creek Disaster” shows in treat detail how the corporation was forced to pay for its destructive negligence. Still, there are some passages in the book that reveal the horrors of the flood. The Buffalo Creek disaster A dam at Buffalo Creek in the American state of West Virginia was used to store waste material from coal - mining , and this included a large amount of water . dams collapsed, injuring 1,100, sending a wall of millions of gallons of black water down the videotape depiction of a client's confusion about why a class action is a less desirable route to follow than permissive joinder), the student begins the necessary recognition that there are critical components of good Page: 47. Kanawha Delegate Jon Amores stood up for the "stakeholders" as if it was simply a business deal, with most legislators The Buffalo Creek Disaster: How the Survivors of One of the Worst Disasters in Coal-Mining History Brought Suit Against the Coal Company- And Won. VS, forklift placing demolished cars into crushing machine. For that is the way they appear in this shocking, timely book. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. What was the defendant's (Pittston) ini…. Somewhere along there I lost that boy of mine. returned for the first time in 30 years, accompanied by Dave Peyton, long-time West Virginia newspaper columnist, Another of the firm's lawyers, Harry Huge, had just won a settlement of $11.5 million for widows and orphans who had been bilked by the United Mine Workers' pension fund. In his deposition to Stern, Staten recalled, “When I looked back and saw her she said, ‘Take care of my baby.’... That's the last time I saw her.”, Now he must live with the unrelenting, guilt‐provoking knowledge that he couldn't even fulfill that request. The State of WV quickly dealt with the problem. The federal disaster funds would have been used to buy the victim's land that was needed to build the highway. The Buffalo Creek Flood occurred on February 26, 1972 after the Pittston Coal Company's coal slurry impoundment dam #3 burst four days after having been declared satisfactory by a federal mine inspector. He might have produced a minor masterpiece if he'd translated that insight into his writing: if he'd focused on his clients instead of wedging their stories into short chapters between rather tedious expositions of legal maneuvers. But, judging from the arrogant, lofty attitude Pittston's officials take throughout “The Buffalo Creek Disaster,” It seems possible that the only effective deterrent is to treat them like common criminals. 233 (1991). 1966 A United Kingdom coal-waste dump in South Aberfam, Wales similar to the one at Buffalo Creek collapses, killing 147 people. The Governor also tried to take advantage of the federal disaster funds that were allocated to the disaster to build a super highway through Buffalo Creek County. Eventually the case was settled out of court. However, the dams were of faulty construction. of eleven victims killed by the overweight trucks cried out in anger at legislators and June 12, 1964 Buffalo Mining Company (“BMC”) incorporated. Avarice is alive and well in the Mountain State, most of its' citizens have long accepted their powerlessness. Those teachings may be the saving grace of our mountain people to The raging waters uprooted trees and utility poles and ruined cars. A $100 million clean-up bill against Pittson for damages was settled by Moore for $1 million, the sufferers and the taxpayers picked up the rest. At least nine months before the flood both the man who was directly in charge of the Buffalo Creek mining operation and the man who was Pittston's top corporation counsel knew about the violations of mine safety standards, exchanged memoranda about the problem, yet failed to act. Many died in the assault against miners who wanted better working conditions and a better life. The Teton Dam was a Government project, while the Buffalo Creek Dam was erected by a private corporation. Following the Buffalo Creek flood, nationwide inspections of similar waste impoundment dams were conducted. I need a 5 page paper answering questions from Part I, of the Buffalo Creek Disaster. Book Review of 'Buffalo Creek Disaster' 1266 Words | 5 Pages. One Saturday morning in February 1972, an impoundment dam owned by the Pittston Coal Company burst, sending a 130 million gallon, 25 foot tidal wave of water, sludge, and debris crashing into southern West Virginia's Buffalo Creek hollow. The Buffalo Creek Disaster was a wonderfully pieced together book that I will not soon forget. Loss of communality at Buffalo Creek. Assume that right after the dam burst at Buffalo Creek, Pittston sent investigators to the scene and they started interviewing victims as well as observers, including some employees of Buffalo Creek Mining ("BCM"). The following hypothetical problems are based on the Buffalo Creek book. Struggling for something to say, I asked "Why did this happen? Few survivors or family members spoke of what View: 999. By the fault of the mining company, these peoples rights were violated. However, the dams were of faulty construction. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. Pastor Rhodes reads from scripture and survivors : Buffalo Valley, West Virginia: 03/01-27/1972: 210'. Published by Stern in 1976, his book chronicles the events preceding and following the buffalo creek flood of 1972; with particular focus on the legal aspects of … For Stern's book shows that people like Roland Staten, his wife and son were the victims of crimes against ecology. Although a Pittston official in the area was alerted predatory nature. The Buffalo Creek Disaster is a book by Gerald M Stern, about how the survivors of one of the worst disasters in coal-mining history brought suit against the coal-mining company. Politicos often rail against their opponents about greed and abuse of power, rarely holding themselves accountable. Just consider 1. an "act of God.". Publisher: Evans Brothers. It is difficult for me to resolve my experience with Christian charity, after staring in the muck-covered faces of lifeless Includes interviews with survivors, mining officials, and union representatives, along with footage of the flood itself. The Buffalo Creek disaster was one of the deadliest floods in American history, but unlike natural floods, it was a man-made disaster caused by corporate negligence, regulatory agency corruption and failure, and an ill-begotten idea of industrial waste disposal. Few history or civics students have heard of the tragic Battle of Blair Mountain, when Now Stern, who had been a civil rights lawyer in the early 1960's and was serving his obligatory stint as the firm's “public interest partner,” was eager to take the Buffalo case. What is meant by the phrase, "piercing…. come forward to remember their family and friends, Family members and visitors view flood memorabilia. I bear witness with other West Virginians, unafraid of that evil at work and stand with The electricity and telephone lines went down. About The Buffalo Creek Disaster. By that time he had stopped screaming and drunk so much water and everything—I don't know what happened to him.”. I returned for the first time in 30 years, accompanied by Dave Peyton, long-time West Virginia newspaper columnist, currently writing for The Charleston Daily Mail. unemployed pro-union coal miners with bombs, airplanes and poison gas. Yea, better is he than both they, which hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil 40min | Documentary, Short | 1975 (USA) A look at the Buffalo Creek disaster, which occurred when a coal-waste dam collapsed. A dam burst and flooded the Buffalo Creek Valley, killing abou…. • Coal companies who operated upstream of the communities dammed Buffalo Creek … The rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness were stripped away from them in a few hours by the flood. The village of Buffalo Creek on the banks of Buffalo Creek was devastated by the flood. Few have been willing to bear witness to the century-old conflict Erikson KT. • Buffalo Creek Hollow was a small valley that consisted of about seventeen coal communities which were adjacent to Buffalo Creek • When operation of the mine commenced in 1945 the practice dumping of slurry, or coal mining waste into the hollow also began. loved ones. typical for late winter weather in the area. In 1972 a 30-foot wall of water roared down 14-mile long Buffalo Creek, after the collapse of Pittston Coal's sludge dams. the United States Army, at the request of state officials, encountered 10,000 Over the next three hours it would devastate the communities of Saunders, Pardee, Lorado, Craneco, Lundale, Stove, and 11 others. For the flood that followed the collapse of West Virginia's Buffalo Creek Dam in 1972—like the one in Idaho—was a manmade “natural disaster.” It … Information regarding the loss of life and property is taken from Gerald Stern's book, "The Buffalo Creek Disaster: How the Survivors of One of the Worst Disasters in Coal-Mining History Brought Suit Against the Coal Company--And Won". Most religions teach to turn the other cheek and seek to forgive those who have Former House of Delegates member Arley Johnson, a community Buffalo Creek. The Buffalo Creek Disaster. The Buffalo Creek disaster encouraged the state of West Virginia to bolster oversight and mine safety regulations, culminating in passage of the Dam Control Act. What is meant by the terms, "survivor s…. The Buffalo Creek disaster must be understood in this context. The Governor also tried to take advantage of the federal disaster funds that were allocated to the disaster to build a super highway through Buffalo Creek County. David  Buffalo Creek Disaster YE HAO GBL395 Summer 2014 Synopsis: One of the most significant mining disaster happened at a little valley that located in Buffalo count, West Virginia in February 1972. The disaster at Buffalo Creek remains one of America’s most costly and deadly preventable mining related catastrophes. The case will be somewhat different since the information that has emerged so far suggests that the dam's sponsors were state and Federal officials, not a corporation. hearing in the McNeely Funeral Home in Man, those years ago. The names of the dead remind motorists who travel up the caused it to happen, but chose to quietly recall the lives of their What were the actual facts which gave rise to the Buffalo Creek disaster? Avarice is why 125 men, woman and children, mostly children, died that day in 1972 when Pittston's sludge ", She tearfully replied "Avarice, avarice.". In '72 he was there covering the story as a reporter. And, in the shattered houses, they lost the treasured memorabilia of the community where their relatives had lived for centuries—photos, scrapbooks, a child's rattle: possessions that have no assessable value but whose loss can produce a devastating psychological effect. Junction of Buffalo Creek and the Guyandotte River at Man, 1997 [Photo by Greg Clark] The flood water first emptied into the Guyandotte River at Man at 10:00 a.m. By 11:00, all of the flood water had poured into the Guyandotte and virtually everything in its path was gone. 3. Wherefore, I praised the dead which are already dead more than the living which are In a few short minutes, the dam virtually disappeared, and a torrent of water began a 17-mile trip down the narrow Buffalo Creek valley in rural Logan County, West Virginia. The Buffalo Creek Disaster. What Happened in February 1972 at Buffa…. Description & Background. children and their families those thirty-some years ago. A sample from the award-winning 1975 Appalshop film "The Buffalo Creek Flood: An Act of Man." His 5½‐month pregnant wife was trapped. Officials of West Virginia's government were quick to agree, and Gov. Church in Logan County during a 30th year memorial service for the As the flood waters carried survivors along that Saturday morning, they saw corpses everywhere. They blamed the flood on God. One Saturday morning in February 1972, an impoundment dam owned by the Pittston Coal Company burst, sending a 130 million gallon, 25 foot tidal wave of water, sludge, and debris crashing into southern West Virginia’s Buffalo Creek hollow. Thus, Pittston was unable to treat the disaster as “an act of God” and placate desolate, powerless people with meager settlements. behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the the West Virginia Coal Association. For the flood that followed the collapse of West Virginia's Buffalo Creek Dam in 1972—like the one in Idaho—was a manmade “natural disaster.” It … CU, crushing machine flattening car. The disaster … A mine-waste impoundment located on the Middle Fork of theBuffalo Creek watershed in Logan County (see Figure 1-1) failed aminute or so before 8 a.m. February 26, 1972, causing the suddenrelease of 17.6 million cubic feet of water (132 million gallons)onto the Buffalo Creek Valley floor. To everything there is a season, and a time for every purpose under the heaven...A time to kill and a time to heal, a time to break down and a time to build up. : Buffalo Valley, West Virginia: 03/01-27/1972: 210'. Thus, the book may be an omen of the scores of similar legal and political confrontations that are bound to occur over the next decade. I was In the Buffalo Creek disaster for instance, little was done to prevent the tailings dam from blowing. Tangling with the money changers can become serious business. For months afterwards its lawyers tried, unsuccessfully, to prove that Arnold & Porter were ambulance chasers—that the firm had solicited the case. The Buffalo Creek Dam had been maintained in violation of Government safety standards—in this case, the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety laws passed in April 1970. The disaster cause by a dam corruption which was used to block black water produced in mining procedures. greed. BUFFALO VALLEY DAM DISASTER. Moments later, he said, he was still hanging onto the boy but the water was rushing so fast, “I was thrown from side to side and crushed—my insides was crushed so hard that it just seemed my eyeballs was trying to pop out, and my breath, I couldn't get my breath at all. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A canyon 45ft. 1. corruption of degenerate man.". Start studying Buffalo Creek Disaster Part 2. I will sing for those whose voices have long been muted. Buffalo Creek Disaster YE HAO GBL395 Summer 2014 Synopsis: One of the most significant mining disaster happened at a little valley that located in Buffalo count, West Virginia in February 1972. Moreover, it may be difficult for the survivors to find a lawyer like Stern or a firm like Arnold & Porter to represent them. I don't know where. In '72 he was there covering the story as a reporter. Giardina, in her book "Storming Heaven," tells of that crucial battle, a war that has yet It was that tone of Christian charity inside the Saunders Memorial Free Will Baptist Introduction In this short essay, the author will critically review Gerald M. Stern's The Buffalo Creek Disaster in terms of critiquing the author's thesis, supporting arguments, supporting evidence and authority, style, and content. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Disaster at Buffalo Creek. While there were many lawsuits arising from the tragedy, the one Gerald Stern litigated involved more than ISBN: 0237527456. Plot Summary | Add Synopsis Introduction In this short essay, the author will critically review Gerald M. Stern's The Buffalo Creek Disaster in terms of critiquing the author's thesis, supporting arguments, supporting evidence and authority, style, and content. It remains a culturally relevant piece of work that has societal implications all over. Book Review of 'Buffalo Creek Disaster' 1266 Words | 5 Pages. The survivors of the Buffalo Creek disaster suffered both individual and collective trauma, the latter being reflected in their loss of communality. One of worst floods in US occurred here 26 February 1972, when Buffalo Mining Co. impoundment dam for mine waste broke, releasing over 130 million gallons of black waste water: killed 125; property … In 1972 a 30-foot wall of water roared down 14-mile long Buffalo Creek, after the collapse of Pittston Coal's sludge dams. That frightened the Pittston Company. beings left homeless. Part One. Forget about The federal disaster funds would have been used to buy the victim's land that was needed to build the highway. The "act of God" defense continues to be used to defend corporate disasters, decade after decade. (4) On February 26, 1972, a dam on Buffalo Creek owned by Buffalo Mining Company gave way and creek waters destroyed plaintiff's house and property and caused plaintiff great pain of body and mind. The Buffalo Creek Disaster. 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